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Concrete In Australia : March 2012
Concrete in Australia Vol 38 No 1 25 e gaps in information are being addressed in an investigation currently being supported by the cement manufacturers, concrete suppliers, infrastructure owners and specifiers and academics. In addition to generating more data on the above mentioned properties, the influence of SCM on all of the properties has been included as part of the investigation. e investigation will include Normal Class and Special Class concrete across all the states of the country. REFERENCES Alunno-Rossetti, V and Curcio, F. 1997, A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Properties of Portland-Limestone Cement Concretes, with Respect to the Requirements of European and Italian Design Code , Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 2-6, Ed. H. Justnes, vol.3, pp 26-32. ASTM. 2010, Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete s Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration, (AS 1202- 2010), American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Bucher, B, Radlinska, A & Weiss, WJ. 2008, Preliminary Comments on Shrinkage and Shrinkage Cracking Behavior of Cement Systems that Contain Limestone , Portland Cement Association, Skokie, Illinois, USA. Bonavetti V, Donza, H, Rahhal, V & Irasser, E. 1999, High- strength concrete with limestone filler cements , Proceedings of the 2nd CANMET/ACI International Conference on High- Performance Concrete and Performance and Quality of Concrete Structures, ACI SP-186, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, USA pp 567-580. Bonavetti, V, Donza, H, Rahal, V & Irassar, E. 2000, Influence of Initial Curing on the Properties of Concrete Containing Limestone Blended Cement , Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no 5, pp 703-708. Bonavetti, V, Donza, H, Menéndez, G, Cabrera, O & Irassar, EF. 2003, Limestone Filler in Low w/c Concrete: A Rational Use of Energy , Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33, no. 6, pp 865-871. Canadian Standards Association. 1983, Portland cement , (CAN/CSA-A5, 1983), Canadian Standards Association, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Laudato, C, Patel, K, Lodu, PW & Bin Mohd Asbi, MIS. 2010, e effect of Limestone Mineral Addition in Type GP Cement when used in conjunction with Fly Ash , Final year Civil Engineering Research Investigation Report, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Dhir, RK, Limbachiya, MC, McCarthy, MJ & Chaipanich, A. 2007, Evaluation of Portland limestone cements for used in concrete construction , Materials and Structures, vol. 40, pp 459-473. ENV 197-1: 2000, Cement-Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements , European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium Gaboyo, E, Tang, CK, Jesani, N & Roni, SM. 2010, e effect of different Limestone Mineral Addition Levels in Type GP Cement on the Compressive Strength of Concrete , Final year Civil Engineering Research Investigation Report, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Heikal, M, El-Didamony, H & Morsy, MS. 2000, "Limestone- Filled Pozzolanic Cement", Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, pp 1827-1834. Hooton, RD, Nokken, M & omas, MDA. 2007, Portland- Limestone Cement: State-of-the-Art Report and Gap Analysis for CSA A 3000, Report prepared for St. Lawrence Cement , Cement Association of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Irasser, EF, Bonavetti, VL, Menhdez, G, Donza, H & Cabrera, O. 2001, Mechanical properties and durability of concrete made with Portland limestone cement , Proceedings of 3rd CANMET/ACI International Symposium on Sustainable Development of Concrete, ACI SP-202, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, pp 431-450. Jones, A, & Moran, J. 2008, e Impact of Increasing Limestone, the Preferred Mineral Addition, from 5% to 10% on the Properties of Type GP Cement in Concrete, Final year Civil Engineering Research Investigation Report, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Matthews, JD. 1994, Performance of limestone filler cement concrete , In Euro-Cements -- Impact of ENV 197 on Concrete Construction , (Eds RK Dhir & MR Jones), E&FN Spon, London, pp 113-147. Schmidt, M. 1992, Cement with interground additives -- capabilities and environmental relief, Part 1 , Zement-Kalk-Gips, vol. 45, no 2, pp 64-69. South African Bureau of Standards. 1971, Portland Cement (ordinary, rapid-hardening and sulphate resisting) , (SABS 471- Limestone, (%) 0 10 15 20 35 Fineness, (m2/kg) 260 340 366 470 530 Mortar: strength @ 28 days, (MPa) 51.1 47.9 48.5 48.1 32.9 Concrete: w/c ratio 0.70 0.62 Concrete: strength @ 28 days, (MPa) 31.9 27.4 27.3 28.0 26.6 Concrete: RCPT (Coulombs) 6100 5800 6000 6400 6600 Table 3. Effect of limestone additions on the "chloride permeability" of concrete, Tsivilis et al (2000).